The description is should be followed with the numbers of the attached images below. 1. As of march 2021 approximately 129 billion single use face masks were disposed. This is similar to the environmental impact of plastic bottles.Most surgical masks are made from plastic polymer and polypropylene. In addition to polypropylene taking 20 to 30 years to decompose, it also releases karcinogenes while decomposing. Moreover, it also emits significant amount of CO2. Producing one kg of polypropylene emits a minimum of 2 kilograms of CO2. Because masks weigh 3 to 4 grams and nearly entirely polypropylene, 387 million kilograms of polypropylene face masks are disposed of every month. Because of CO2 conversion, presumably 850 thousand tons of CO2 from producing masks is released into the atmosphere. In addition, kn 95’s masks are heavier and therefore require more resources to be made and have a higher environmental negative impact due to longer time for decomposition. 2. Currently environmentally friendly solutions include cloth masks and face shields. However, both of them have solid drawbacks. While cloth masks effectively block exale of virus particles, they are not great at protecting the maskwear form inhaling particles and offer very little protection against omicron. According to a study by a group of researches at Yale and Stanford, double layer cotton masks are only 37% effective at filtering particles while surgical masks were 95% effective. Additionally, cloth masks must be dried and washed frequently to function well. Face shields offer even less protection than cloth masks, as droplets can go around the shield, into the nose and mouth. They have also been unable to protect wearer. 3. My solution is the EcoMask. A biodegradable face mask will help solve the problem that disposable polymer masks create. As it will break down much faster and in a much more eco friendly way. EcoMask has 5 layers. The first is a protective covering made of paper, which will keep the inside filters clean and safe. The second, is an air and water filter, made out of woven cheetos on nanofibers. And the third is another air filter made out of polyactic acid or PLA membranes. These filters will keep larger particles and respiratory droplets from coming in or out of the mask. The fourth layer is a respiratory filter made out of woven jelatin nanofibers. This layer will keep smaller respiratory droplets that the previous layers didn’t filter. The last layer is another protective paper covering. This structure is similar to one of the kn-95 mask, which also has 5 layers and a surgical mask ,which has 3. The EcoMask also has a PLA ear-straps and a nose clip for user adjustment, which will both provide great comfort and will also keep the mask fitted to the user’s face. Since the EcoMask has a similar structure to kn95 and surgical masks it is adjustable to fit the user’s face as a kn95 mask is. So the EcoMask is projected to be able to filter out 85% of particles. In addition, the EcoMask will decompose entirely within 12 weeks. 4. On the fourth image you can get familiar with used mask materials, their production, and expenditures
Ideas and projects of the CEC 2023 participants
From August 14th to November 17th, the Citizen Entrepreneurship Competition participants had time to work on their ideas and projects with our free courses and materials, develop them further, network, exchange knowledge in the Campus Community and collect votes.
For the first time, the CEC ran with a shortened programme (3 months) on our new website; in our interactive Entrepreneurship Campus. We are delighted to present the participants and their concept-creative ideas and projects even after the end of the CEC 2023:
Immunization is a way of preventing some types of possible disability and improving the health condition of the mother and child. Lack of immunization can cause some types of disabilities, for example cognitive disabilities, physical disabilities or sensory disabilities. This project proposal aims to increase access to immunization services and create more awareness on the importance of preventing some form of disabilities or some health conditions related to disability through immunization or through vaccination.
CoSoG Nepal (Coding for Social Good) is a visionary non-profit organization committed to driving positive change through technology and education. In Nepal, where the absence of a robust Computer Science (CS) club culture has left students devoid of opportunities and lacking essential tech skills, our mission takes on even greater significance. We are dedicated to introducing and promoting CS clubs in secondary and high schools, igniting a passion for coding and technology from an early age. Recognizing that this gap hinders students from keeping pace with the evolving world, we equip them with the tools they need not just to excel in the digital age, but to bridge the divide that prevents them from seizing global opportunities. Through mentorship and immersive experiences, CoSoG Nepal empowers young minds to establish and operate CS clubs effectively, fostering collaborative learning environments that encourage innovation. Our unwavering commitment to real-world impact drives us to offer students hands-on opportunities to work on meaningful projects. From crafting websites for local schools and non-profit organizations to developing applications for small businesses, our dedication to "Coding for Charity" serves as the core of our ethos. We believe that by leveraging the power of code, we can bring about positive social change and uplift communities in need. By instilling a sense of purpose and social responsibility in the next generation of technologists, CoSoG Nepal envisions a future where technology serves as a tool for progress. Our unique approach, encompassing education, mentorship, and practical projects, is aimed at bridging the existing gap in CS club culture and empowering students to become catalysts for change.
My product is Shower Saver, a voice-controlled shower head that targets the problem of water waste. Showers use constantly running water, but water flow is not necessary at all times during a shower. A shower does not need to be running while lathering and washing one’s hair, for example, which can take several minutes. It is my contention that the inability to easily control water flow during a shower leads to unnecessary water loss. Water scarcity is a nationwide problem that is only projected to worsen. According to the Journal of Sustainability Education, the U.S. is expected to experience 30% population growth by 2060 which will fuel incredible growth in water demand and elevate water conservation efforts to the top of the U.S. national agenda. To address this issue and decrease water waste from everyday showering, I designed a showerhead that can pause water flow with the aid of Amazon Echo voice recognition technology. Furthermore, I have developed a working prototype of the device which has taken Shower Saver from being merely an idea to becoming a reality. The total addressable market for Shower Saver consists of an installed base of over 92 million shower heads in the U.S. after adjusting for households that own a companion Amazon Echo device and excluding households that lack internet access. Assuming a capture rate of less than one-half of one percent, the market opportunity for Shower Saver represents hundreds of thousands of shower heads that can be replaced. Also, assuming a household of 4 adopts Shower Saver and commits to pausing its showering for a period of 4 minutes during non-use of water, its annual water savings would total 12,000 gallons along with cost savings of $256 after including both the cost of water and heating it. Should Shower Saver achieve 50,000 in unit sales, which is the company’s year one goal, its potential impact on national water conservation would be to reduce water waste by up to 600 million gallons of water a year, saving almost $13 million in utility costs along the way. Importantly, Shower Saver does not ask users to decrease the time they spend in the shower, it simply pauses water flow at times when water is not needed which can turn 8 minutes of showering into 4 minutes of actual water use. Shower Saver fits all standard shower arms and is designed for easy installation in under 5 minutes. The target audience for Shower Saver is extremely broad and spans the globe. We believe the product will have particular appeal to proponents of water conservation, technology enthusiasts, and consumers simply seeking to lower their monthly water bill. If you believe as I do that the nascent smart home revolution will eventually lead to voice automated control of all residential water dispensing functions, Shower Saver is poised to be a first mover in a space that could be as large as the video doorbell market, which itself faced doubters before becoming a common fixture in homes across the country. My goal is to prepare Shower Saver for an official launch in 2024. Please join me in Shower Saver’s water conservation mission and together we can save water, save money, save the planet!
The project I've passionately undertaken revolves around harnessing cutting-edge technology and sustainable practices to create innovative solutions that address pressing challenges within communities. With a strong focus on transforming waste recycling and environmental conservation, my project aims to revolutionize industries while fostering positive social and economic impacts. At the heart of the project is the groundbreaking Salt Water Light Innovation, a visionary concept that utilizes ionized electrolytes derived from saltwater to convert magnesium into electrical energy. This revolutionary technology not only offers a cleaner and more sustainable source of electricity but also has the potential to significantly reduce carbon footprints. By transforming waste materials and utilizing readily available resources, the technology opens doors to affordable and accessible energy solutions. Moreover, my project extends beyond technological innovation. It centers on creating employment opportunities and empowering communities. Through the implementation of the Water Light Technology, I aim to create high-quality jobs, particularly for youth, and promote the inclusion of women in various roles. This approach not only addresses unemployment but also contributes to gender equality and social upliftment. A cornerstone of the project is aligning with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The initiative directly supports several SDGs, including affordable and clean energy (SDG 7), decent work and economic growth (SDG 8), and sustainable cities and communities (SDG 11). By targeting these goals, my project seeks to bring about positive change on multiple fronts, fostering economic development, environmental responsibility, and social progress. Through my project, I envision a future where communities thrive on sustainable energy solutions that not only meet their needs but also drive economic growth. By leveraging technology, community engagement, and sustainable practices, I am determined to make a lasting impact that resonates across regions and inspires others to embrace innovative and eco-conscious solutions.